Anxiety is something everyone experiences at times, and is a perfectly natural reaction to some situations, however Anxiety can be constant and causes feelings of worry and fear that can be difficult to control. These feelings of anxiety can be mild or severe and can influence a person’s behaviours. Symptoms of anxiety can include disrupted sleep, irritability, palpitations and a constant feeling of dread. The anxiety may be a constant feeling of unease affecting your ability to rationalise or more intense in some situations such as phobias or panic attacks.
Depression affects people in different ways and can cause a wide variety of symptoms, it can cause persistent feelings of sadness and loss of interest.
Depression can affect your mood, your thoughts, and your body. It can affect your sleeping pattern, diet, and ability to function. The lower your mood the more you may want to withdraw and isolate yourself, which usually ends up leaving you feeling worse. If not addressed there may be the potential of suicidal thoughts.
PTSD is an anxiety disorder caused by very stressful; frightening or distressing events. Psychological and emotional trauma occurs when a person’s normal ways of coping and managing become overwhelmed, usually through a distressing event such as an accident, a disaster or a violent attack. It can also come from sustained stress over a period of time such as bullying, abuse or any situation where someone may feel helpless and vulnerable.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can occur when following a traumatic event, the person often re-lives the event through flashbacks and nightmares. It can affect sleeping patterns, relationships with others, concentration etc. It can leave a feeling of detachment from others. The symptoms can be severe and impact on day-to-day functioning. Counselling can help address the feelings of helplessness, explore, and develop healthier ways of coping and in some cases even bring closure to the trauma.
Stress is something everyone feels at times, and there are all kinds of stressful situations that can be part of daily life. There is a healthy level of stress which allows us to achieve goals, too much stress however can leave us feeling overwhelmed. Most people spend more time in work than they do at home.
It can give us a sense of purpose and an identity. It also provides us with finances which allows us to live a particular lifestyle. Sometimes work can become stressful, either through workload demands or difficult working relationships that it can cause stress. If unchecked that stress can lead to poor health, low self-esteem, anger and frustration.
Self-harm can be a way of coping with intense feelings of distress. There are many different methods such as cutting, burning or risk-taking behaviours.
Counselling can help explore and understand the feelings that cause the self-harm and learn healthier ways to express them.
Abuse is when someone does or says something which harms you or makes you feel frightened. Abuse can be a single one-off act or something that happens over a period of weeks, months, or years. Just because there is no injury does not mean there is no abuse.
Abuse can happen in lots of different ways. It can be defined as physical, emotional, financial, and sexual abuse.
Abuse can affect anyone regardless of their ethnicity, age, gender, sexuality, or social background.
Anger is considered as a secondary emotion, which means there is some other emotion that is playing a role in how you are feeling. It is important to challenge anger to see what lies behind it. Anger can be expressed impulsively and aggressively. This aggression can cause all manner of problems in our work and personal relationships. If anger is internalised it can lead to other problems such as depression, self-harm, and addiction.